Brazilian Days 164
Dia dos Jornais de Bairro
(Neighborhood journals, SP)
Dia das casamenteiras
Dia do Turismo
(Tourism). The World Tourism Day is on 27 September, today is the Brazilian Tourism Day. Tourism is of major importance in Brazil. About five million foreign tourists arrive annually to visit principal locations as Rio de Janeiro, Pantanal, Foz do Iguaçu, and the beaches in Rio Grande do Norte, Ceará, Pernambuco, and Bahia, as well as carnival in Salvador, Rio de Janeiro, Recife, and São Paulo.
Dia de Santo Antônio
(St. Anthony). In June, there are feast days of four important saints: St. Anthony on 13 June, São João (St. John) on 24 June, and São Pedro e São Paulo (Sts. Peter and Paul) on 29 June. Santo Antônio is the patron saint of marriages. Today, there is the official start of the Festas Juninas (June Festivals). These traditional folkloric festivals are celebrated throughout Brazil, and are accompanied with traditional music, dance, and food.
Dia do Ecologista Brasileiro
(Brazilian Ecologist). On 13 June 1763, José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva was born. He is known as the patriarch of the Brazilian independence. Bonifácio became the prime minister of the Empire of Brazil. He wasn’t befriended with the emperor, and was banned for a short period. He returned, reconciled with the emperor, and became councilor of the young successor. Again, he was arrested. He died in 1838. Besides his statesmanship, Bonifácio was also a scientist. He had studied Philosophy and Law, made research in Mineralogy and Metallurgy. His merits concerning Ecology were publications about environmental protection.
Dia do Detetive Profissional
(Professional detective). On 13 June1987, Conselho Federal dos Detetives Profissionais (CFDP; Federal Board of Professional Detectives) was founded. In 1946 the first professional detectives, from Greece, arrived in Brazil. At present, there are more than 900 thousand detectives in Brazil.
Death of architect Lúcio Costa
Death of guitar player Marcelo Frommer, member of the band ‘Titãs’.
Creation of Serviço Nacional de Informações (National Information Service)
Inauguration of Escola de Belas Artes da Bahia in Salvador
Insurreição Pernambucana (Insurrection in Pernambuco)
Birth of statesman and scientist José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva
Creation of Jardim de Aclimação (future Jardim Botânico) by D. João VI, in Rio de Janeiro.
Arrival of the French vessel ‘Virginie’ , carrying German colonists, in Rio de Janeiro.
Invasion of the city of Mossoró by Virgulino Ferreira da Silva’s (Lampião’s) gang.
FIFA World Cup 2002: Brazil 5 x 2 Costa Rica
Olympic Torch Relay in the city of Rio de Janeiro
Foundation of the state of Maranhão
Maranhão was created from the merger of several capitanias. Since the discovery of the Maranhão Region, Spaniards took control. Eventually, the region became party under control of the Portuguese, but were expelled by the French in 1612. They founded São Luis, actual state capital, named after French king Luis III. The battle between the French and the Portuguese, in 1615, resulted in a victory for the Portuguese. Six years later, the province of Maranhão e Grão-Pará was created. In 1641, the Dutch occupied Maranhão, but were expelled three years later. In 1774, the province was split into the provinces of Maranhão and Pará.
Installation of the first bishop in Rio de Janeiro: D. José de Barros Alarcão.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015