Brazilian Days 152
Dia Nacional da Imprensa
(Brazilian Press). Until 1999, this day was celebrated on 10 September; this day refers to the first issue of Gazeta do Rio de Janeiro in 1821. However, another (illegal) newspaper was already circulating, prior to this first issue: the Correio Brasiliense, in 1808. At that time, it was strictly forbidden to print any book, magazine, or newspaper. On 1 June 1808, Hipólito José da Costa published the newspaper’s first edition. het eerste nummer van de krant. However, this newspaper was not printed in Brazil, but in England. The newspaper was published once a month, and was illegally transported to Brazil by boat. Hipólito was responsible for alle editions for a period of fourteen years, unti Brazil gained independence. Hipólito was convinced that he had reached his goals, and withdrew the newspaper. On 21 April 1960, the day of the inauguration of the new federal capital, Brasília, Assis Chateaubriand made a restart with the newspaper.
Dia Nacional de Prevenção de Incêndios Florestais
(Prevention of bush fires). Quite an actual subject, because there are still many bushfires that destroy significant areas of the Amazon and Atlantic forests.
Semana Mundial do Meio Ambiente
(World Environment Week). One week long attention for the environment: in this week, 5 June is the World Environment Day, established by the United Nations in 1972.
Dia Internacional de Leite
(World Milk Day)
Dia Internacional da Criança
(International Children’s Day). A confusing date. De Universal Children’s Day, commemorating the ratification of the Children’s Rights Manifest on 20 November 1942, is held on 20 November. The Brazilian Children’s Day is on 12 October, on the same day as the feast day of Nossa Senhora Aparecida, Brazil’s patron saint. This International Children’s Day commemorates the World Conference of the Child’s Welfare, which was held in Geneva in 1925. More confusing are the different data in various countries for their Children’s Day.
Death of journalist Carlos Castello Branco
Start of the sales of Viagra in Brazil
First edition of ‘Correio Braziliense’, the first Brazilian newspaper
First edition of ‘Diário do Rio de Janeiro’, the first Brazilian daily newspaper
Visit of D. Pedro II and the imperial family to the city of Lapa (PR)
They were invited by Barão dos Campos Gerais
Caxias do Sul (RS) elevated to the status of a city.
Inauguration of the electric tramline in Aracaju (SE)
Travel of senator Epitácio Pessoa to The Netherlands
Creation of ‘Instituto do Açúcar e do Álcool’ (IAA: Sugar and Alcohol Institution) by Decreto nº 22.789
World Cup Soccer 1986: Brazil 1 x Spain 0
Approval – by the senate – of the creation of the Ministry of Defense.
Announcement of the ‘Plano de Racionamento de Energia’ (Energy Rationing Plan) for residences.
Arrival of Força Nacional (Brazilian Army) in Mato Grosso do Sul, in order to combat organized crime.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015