Brazilian Days 324
Dia do Biomédico
(Medical Biologist). In 2006, a law proposal – issued by federal deputee Lobbe Neto – was approved, to have a “Dia do Biomédico”. Medical biologists are protected by the law (Lei nº 6.684, 1979), and are obliged to have themselves registered at the regional council of medical biologists (Conselho Regional de Biomedicina; CRBM), and need to respect the strict ethic codes.
Dia Universal da Criança
(Universal Children’s Day). The Brazilian Children’s Day was held on 12 October, and today is celebrated the Universal Children’s Day, introduced by the UN. On 20 November 1959, the Universal Declaration of Children’s Rights was approved by the UN General Assembly. Thirty years jaar later, the Convention of the Rights of the Child (CRC) was approved. This convention replaces the 1959 Declaration.
Dia em Memória das Vítimas de Acidentes de Trânsito
(World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims). In 1993, this day was introduced by Roadpeace. In 2005 the UN adopted the day, which is held on the third Sunday in November. In Brazil, there are no less than 35 thousand road traffic deaths. Or: one death every 15 minutes. Besides, more than half a million wounded are counted, of which twenty percent will suffer their injuries for the rest of their lives.
Theme for 2016:
Vital post-crash actions: Medical Care, Investigation, Justice!
Let’s make 2011-2020 a Decade to remember!
Dia do Auditor Interno
Dia da Industrialização da África
(Africa Industrialization Day). In 1989, this day was introduced by the UN, with the intention to make the international community become more aware of the necessity of the economic development of African nations. Also Brazil is involved, regarding the close ties with the former Portuguese colonies as Mozambique, Angola, Guinea Bissau, Cape Verde, and São Tomé. Theme for 2007 was:
Technology and Innovation for Industry –
Investing in People is Investing in the Future.
Dia do Profissional Liberal Universitário
(Self-employed with university certificate). In Brazil, university graduates can register themselves as self-employed. For example, doctors, architects, lawyers, journalists, educators, veterinarians, sociologists, pharmacists, dentists, philosophers, and so on.
Dia Nacional da Consciência Negra
(Self-consciousness of black people). This day coincides with the commemoration of the execution of Zumbi, de quilombo leader in Palmares (see below). Millions of slaves were transported from Africa to Brazil. They brought their African culture to Brazil, which mixed with the indigenous and European cultures. Africans also mingled with the indigenous and European colonists; their descendants are called pardos. At present, more than half of the Brazilian population is considered as pardo: their share in the entire Brazilian population will increase gradually. In contrast, the percentage of black people is decreasing, and now is below ten percent. It is a disadvantaged group: the majority lives in the poorer north-east region, and many of them have migrated to the wealthier south and south-east regions, where most of them live in slums, favelas. About 40 percent of black teenagers is at high school, whereas the percentage of white teens is about 60 percent. Racism is not common, but newspapers regularly reveal stories of racism throughout the county. Black people meet much trouble to improve themselves. This day was introduced in 1971 and is a holiday in more than two hundred Brazilian cities.
Death of Zumbi dos Palmares.
The word ‘zumbi’ originates from a Bantu language and can be interpreted as ‘ghost’. We know the word better as ‘zombie’. Since 1600, runaway slaves hid themselves to faraway locations, the quilombos. One of the largest quilombos was in Palmares, on the border between the states of Alagoas and Pernambuco. The population reached a peak of more than thirty thousand people. The Portuguese as well as the Dutch colonists tried – in vain – to destroy this quilombo. In 1655, Zumbi was born in liberty, in Palmares. However, he was captured and was taught Latin and Portuguese. His Christian name was Francisco. At the age of fifteen, he fled to Palmares. Soon thereafter, Zumbi became leader of the quilombo. Because of the possible danger of the escape of more slaves to Palmares, the quilombo was regularly attacked. Zumbi had developed himself into a respected strategist and managed, together with his people, to withstand the attacks. The quilombo was then attacked with artillery, and in 1694, Macaco, capital of Palmares, was completely destroyed. Zumbi was injured in this attack. Zumbi was betrayed, and tricked in an ambush of the troops of bandeirante Domingos Jorge Velho. Zumbi fought, but was captured. He was then beheaded, and his head was exposed in Recife, as evidence that Zumbi wasn’t immortal, as many slaves were believing.
Recognition of the United States of Brazil by Argentina and Uruguay.
These two southern neighboring countries were the first to recognize the new republic.
Collapse of a viaduct in Rio de Janeiro resulted in 26 dead and 22 wounded.
The death toll (26, 28, 29, 48!) differs per website. The most reliable source is that of the Bombeiros from Rio. The viaduct ‘Elevado da Avenida Paulo de Frontin’ was almost completed, when a loud bang, followed by an enormous dust cloud shook the city. Part of the viaduct, with a length of 122 meters, fell on two dozen cars, a truck, and a bus, when a concrete mixer rode on the newly built construction. Three years later, on 27 December 1974, the viaduct was inaugurated.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015