Brazilian Days 162
Dia da Marinha Brasileira
(Brazilian Navy). On 11 June 1865, the battle at Riachuelo, on the Paraná River, took place. This battle became the turning point in the war of the Triple Alliance (Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil) against Paraguay). At present the Brazilian Navy has to defend more than 7000 km of coastal area, as well as 55 thousand square km of waterways. The Brazilian territorial waters are also known as ‘Amazônia Azul‘, the ‘Blue Amazon’, because of the enormous area that is almost half of the size of the Brazilian mainland.
Dia do Educador Sanitário
(Health educator). The health educator, specialized in hygiene, is very important for informing the poor about the responsible use of water and about biological waste.
Dia do Motociclismo)
(Motor cycling, RJ)
Abduction of the West German ambassador von Holleben.
The ambassador, Ehrenfried von Holleben, was abducted in Rio de Janeiro by members of the ALN and VPR. One of Holleben’s bodyguards was killed in action. The kidnappers demanded the release of 40 prisoners who had to be transported to Algeria, Chile or Mexico, and the publication of a revolutionary manifest. One of the prisoners was convicted for his involvement in the abduction of the American ambassador Charles Burke Elbrick in 1969. De Brazilian government gave in, the prisoners were released and flown to Algeria. Five days later, the ambassador was released, unharmed.
Battle at Riachuelo.
This battle, on the Paraná River, was a turning point in the war of the Triple Alliance (Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay) against Paraguay (1864-1870). Early in this bloody war (about 400 thousand deaths), Paraguay was winning the battles. They wanted to defeat the Brazilian Navy, which transported troops to the battlefield, with a surprise attack and force the victory in this war. The Paraguayan commander ordered to attack at dawn, but due to technical problems, the Paraguayan navy fleet only reached the Brazilian navy fleet around noon. Initially, the Brazilian fleet was about to lose the battle, but the strength of the Brazilian navy was superior to that of the Paraguayan navy. Some vessels of the Paraguayan navy were sunk before they retreated. This battle became decisive and eventually led to the total defeat of the Paraguayan armed forces in 1870.
Start of the construction of Estrada de Ferro Central.
The Estrada de Ferro central was a network of railways that connected the states of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and Minas Gerais with each other. At present, almost all these railways have been eliminated, thanks to the competition with road transport and aviation.
Sea battle of Los Pozes.
Argentinian admiral Brown, who commanded four vessels, expelled a larger number of vessels of the Brazilian navy that blocked the harbor of Buenos Aires.
Opening of the Brazilian harbors to befriended nations.
This decree was complementary to the Carta Régia.
First constitution of the state of Alagoas
Start of the circulation of Cr$ 5.000,00 banknotes with the portrait of Carlos Gomes
Coach of the Brazilian soccer team Emerson Leão fired.
Brazilian Cup for soccer club Cruzeiro.
Cruzeiro beat Flamengo 3 x 1.
First phase of the National Vaccination Campaign against Polio
Announcement of revitalization actions of the São Francisco River in the state of Minas Gerais.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom © 2007, 2015