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Dia das Comunidades Eclesiais de Base (CEB)
(Fundamental Church Communities). These groups, consist of 20 to 100 persons, were founded as a result of the Second Vatican Conciliate at the end of the Sixties. Their objective was to read and interpret the bible together. The groups are socially very active and have much influence upon the development of the communities in the poor northeastern region of Brazil. Their influence was considerably: they contributed significantly in the resistance against the military dictatorship.
|O Concílio Vaticano II em 3 minutos – Comunidades Eclesiais de Base
||Comunidades Eclesiais de Base como surgiu…
|Documento 92 (Comunidades Eclesiais de Base) – Dom Milton (1)
||Documento 92 (Comunidades Eclesiais de Base) – Dom Milton (2)
Dia dos Acadêmicos do Direito
Dia Nacional da Congregação Mariana
(Congregation of Our Lady). This day is held on the third Sunday in May. The congregation was founded in 1563 by Belgian Jesuit Jean Leunis. Initially, they were set up for schoolboys, eventually adults were allowed, and groups were created for particular groups in society, such as priests, married, unmarried, clerks, soldiers, noblemen, etcetera. In 1748 the Congregration was awarded the so-called ‘Golden Bull’ by Pope Benedict XIV. The congegrations existed in colonial Brazil, but vanished with the expulsion of Jesuits from Brazil in 1759. In 1870, the first congregation was founded in Itu (SP). There exist a hymn of the Brazilian Congregation:
Do Prata ao Amazonas, do mar às cordilheiras, cerremos as fileiras, soldados do Senhor! O nome teu, Maria, ó Virgem Soberana, nos une e nos irmana, nos dá força e valor, nos dá força e valor!
A Igreja eterna no tempo avança sob a bandeira da esperança! Nós te saudamos, Virgem Maria, com entusiasmo e alegria. Jesus é o centro de toda a História, nós lhe rendemos louvor e glória, e te juramos, ó Mãe querida, fidelidade por toda a vida!
O Mundo está sedento de paz e unidade; amor, fraternidade, queremos difundir! Nós somos missionários, por Cristo convidados! Vamos pois, Congregados, seu Reino construir, seu Reino construir!
Dia Nacional da Defensoria Pública/ Dia do Defensor Público
(Public Defender Office, Public Defender). In 1983, this day was introduced in the state of Rio de Janeiro. From 2002, by Lei 10.448, the day is celebrated nationwide. The day refers to the death of Saint Ivo on 19 May 1303. He was Doctor in Theology and Law, and was a defender of the poor and the needy.
||Defensoria Pública Jornal Nacional
|Artigo 5º – Defensoria Pública (19/09/12)
||Dia da Defensoria Pública (19/05/11)
Anniversary of the city of Potim – SP
The small city is located near Aparecida and Guarantinguetá. In 1991, Potim became an independent municipality.
Brazilian actress Fernanda Torres honored as best actress at Cannes Film Festival.
She was honored for her role in ‘Eu Sei Que Vou Te Amar’ (Love Me Forever or Never), directed by Arnaldo Jabor.
EU SEI QUE VOU TE AMAR
|Eu Sei Que Vou Te Amar.Clássico Nacional
||Eu sei que vou te amar (1986)
Dia da Ilegalidade do Tráfico de Escravos (Slave trade declared illegal).
It was the United Kingdom that pressured Portugal and its colony Brazil to make an end to slave trade and slavery. Initially, Portugal ended slave trade north of the equator only. South of the equator, slave trade continued. Brazil became independent in 1822. In exchange for recognition of its independence by the United Kingdom, Brazil promised to end slave trade in 1830. Despite this promise, slaves were still transported to Brazil, which made the United Kingdom decide to consider these transport ships as pirate ships and to attack them. The conflict escalated in 1850 with setting fire to slave ships and attacking Brazilian fortresses. These attacks forced Brazil to ratify the law that ended slave trade.
||Escravidão e tráfico de escravos
Project ‘Pacto Amazônico’ (Amazon Pact) approved by representatives of eight Southern American nations.
Death of Antônio Felipe Camarão
Rendition of Recife (1817 Revolution)
Signing, by Dom Pedro II, of the treaty of commerce and trade with D. Maria II of Portugal
Creation of Capitania dos Portos da Amazônia Oriental
Creation of Capitania dos Portos do Estado da Bahia
Câmara dos Deputados (Chamber of Deputies) approved the sending of Brazilian troops to the Dominican Republic.
Installation of Fernando Henrique Cardoso as minister of Treasury
Embrapa received license to preform research with transgenic potatoes
Death of Brazilian alpinist Vitor Negrete, at Mount Everest.
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom