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Theme for 2013:
Advancing Social Integration and Intergenerational Solidarity
Dia Internacional dos Objetores de Consciência
(International Conscientious Objectors Day). The day was a consensus for the European COs (Conscientious Objectors organizations) and was introduced in 1982. Since 1986, the day is celebrated as an international day. At the height of the First World War, about 16 thousand British men refused to kill human beings. They suffered severe human rights abuses for their beliefs. In London each year a brief ceremony is held at the Commemorative Stone, during which the names of representative people who ‘maintained the right to refuse to kill’ are read out and white flower was laid on the Stone for each of the 50 people remembered.
Dia do Professor Aposentado
(Retired Teacher). The National Day of Retired is on 24 January.
A educação pela pedra
Uma educação pela pedra: por lições;
para aprender da pedra, frequentá-la;
captar sua voz inenfática, impessoal
(pela de dicção ela começa as aulas).
A lição de moral, sua resistência fria
ao que flui e a fluir, a ser maleada;
a de poética, sua carnadura concreta;
a de economia, seu adensar-se compacta:
lições da pedra (de fora para dentro,
cartilha muda), para quem soletrá-la.
(João Cabral de Melo Neto)
Dia da Assistência Social/ Dia do Assistente Social
(Social Assistance). On 15 May 1891, Pope Leo XIII wrote his Papal Encyclical: ‘Rerum Novarum’ (‘Rights and Duties of Capital and Labor’), in which were outlined the directions of the Social Doctrine in the Catholic Church. It was the first time that a pope wrote about social problems. In 1936, Serviço Social was created in Brazil, which was inspired upon another Encyclical, by Pope Pius XI: ‘Quadragesimo Anno’ (40th Year), commemorating the Rerum Novarum. In 1937, the Conselho Nacional de Serviço Nacional (National Council of Social Service) was created. In 1991, Pope John Paul II wrote his Encyclical to commemorate the centenary of the Rerum Novarum: ‘ Centesimus Annus’ (100th Year). The three papal writings indicate the awareness of the Church about social problems.
|Rerum Novarum 1 – Rights and Duties of Capital and Labor – (Full Reading) – Part 1 of 3
||Rerum Novarum 1 – Rights and Duties of Capital and Labor – (Full Reading) – Part 2 of 3
|Rerum Novarum 1 – Rights and Duties of Capital and Labor – (Full Reading) – Part 3 of 3
||Centesimus Annus, a foundation to bring justice to the worlds economy
|15 de maio: Dia do Assistente Social
||Dia do Assistente Social
Dia do Gerente Bancário
(Banking Manager). The day was introduced on 26 May 2010, as proposed by Deputy Ozair José, to honor the responsibility and the value of this profession.
Dia Nacional de Controle da Infecção Hospitalar
(Control of Hospital Infections). On 15 May 1999, this day was introduced by the Brazilian Health Department, in order to increase the awareness of hospital infections and to honor the professionals dealing with these infections. On 15 May 1847, Hungarian physician Ignaz Semmelweiss introduced the directive for medical professionals to wash hands before entering hospital wards.
French attempt to occupy Amapá.
The territory of Amapá was disputed between Brazil and France. Francisco Xavier da Veiga Cabral, nicknamed Cabralzinho, was commander of the Territorial Army in the village of Amapá. He captured the leader of a French negotiation mission. The capture resulted in the order, issued by the Governor of Cayenne (French Guyana), to capture Cabralzinho. French marines, commanded by Lunier, invaded Amapá, massacred dozens of locals, and encircled Cabralzinho’s house. He managed to break through, to take Luniers weapon and to kill Lunier. The death of the commander left the marines disorganized; they were defeated by the locals, who were furious by the news of the massacre. Only five years later, judged by Swiss president Walter Hauser, Amapá officially became Brazilian.
Golden Palm for Brazilian movie “Orfeu Negro” at the festival in Cannes
|Orfeu Negro 1959 Completo
||Filme Orfeu 1999 Completo ( Cinema Nacional )
The Brazilian currency Cruzeiro Novo renamed in Cruzeiro again.
Resolution nº 144, dated 03.31.1970 (D.O.U. ,04. 06.70), issued by the National Monetary Council, re-established the “CRUZEIRO”, effective as of 05.15.1970, while maintaining the “centavo”.
Treaty between Brazil and Bolivia about the construction of the railway Madeira-Mamoré.
Foundation of Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro (PTB; Brazilian Worker’s Party)
|PTB – Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro
||TV 14 – Memória PTB
Leonel Brizola fled to Uruguai
Death of Venceslau Brás Pereira Gomes, president of Brazil (1914-1918)
|Governo Wenceslau Braz (1914-1918)
||UM TOUR NA CASA DO PRESIDENTE DO BRASIL WENCESLAU BRAZ EM ITAJUBÁ
Vandal destroyed the image of Nossa Senhora Aparecida
Two months later, the image was restored.
Arrival of the first Beefmaster cattle.
These pure-bloods were imported from Texas.
Death of Brazilian photographer Cláudio Portioli
By Adriano Antoine Robbesom